Early History As The Appalachian Educational Satellite Project
TLC’s history traces to the 1972 formation of the Appalachian Educational Satellite Project , a project formed by the , in participation with the Education Satellite Communication Demonstration , a partnership with the and intended to transmit instructional, career and health programming via satellite to provide televised educational material to public schools and universities in the . ARC submitted a proposal to participate in the ESCD and use the communications satellite to disseminate “career education” programming to teachers at no cost the consortium set up 15 receiver sites across eight states in conjunction with local education service agencies.
The ATS-6 temporarily ceased service to the Appalachian region after being re-orbited to India in September 1975 by the time the satellite reoriented to the United States the following year, the number of earth receivers used to transmit AESP content increased to 45 sites in , , , , , , , , and . All programming offered through the project was accepted for academic credit at 12 universities in the region. In October 1978, NASA disclosed the ATS-6 would suspend transmissions for 12 months due to technical problems with the satellite. As a result, ARC decided to purchase transponder time on the commercial communications satellite, in order to continue its distance education offerings.
Big Fat Gypsy Weddings: The Luck Of The Irish
In this special episode we celebrate all things Ireland, meeting Irish Travellers from both sides of the Irish Sea, exploring the special bond they share and some of the values they often don’t.
In England 16 year old Lully is preparing for her spectacular wedding day. She speaks with a thick Irish accent, calls herself an Irish Traveller and lives within fiercely Irish community. But shes never been to Ireland.
Lully got together with her fiancé when he grabbed her at the cinema during Shrek 4. But although she has her heart set on a huge Irish Traveller wedding, the build up appears jinxed. First the stress causes her to lose her voice, then disaster strikes the night before when there is an argument over the payment for the dresses
In Ireland, the fearsome Joyce family are getting ready for Baby Alices christening. She has been born into strong Traveller stock grandfather Joe is a former bare-knuckle boxer whose fighting prowess once saw him crowned The King of the Travellers. But before Alices big day the Joyces are out to celebrate St Patricks Day. Its one of the few days of the year when the Joyces mix with the locals, but Joe is banned from every pub in town and he believes that Travellers arent widely welcome.
Most of the Joyces have now left Ireland to live in England, but as Joe reveals, he doesnt approve of some of the new traditions including the controversial dating ritual of grabbing.
Live And Learn Attempted Turnaround
On March 27, 2006, the network launched a new look and promotional campaign, dropping the “Life Unscripted” tag and introducing a new theme, “Live and learn”, trying to turn around the network’s reliance on shows and programming. As part of the new campaign, the channel’s original name, “The Learning Channel”, returned to occasional usage in promotions. The new theme also played on life lessons, which featured heavily in the network’s advertising and promotional clips. This campaign used humor to appeal to a target audience in their 30s.
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My Big Fat American Gypsy Wedding
|My Big Fat American Gypsy Wedding|
My Big Fat American Gypsy Wedding is an American reality television series that debuted on the TLC in April 2012. It claims to revolve around the marriage customs of Romani-Americans allegedly members of Romanichal clans, although some are actually of Irish Traveller descent. It is a spin-off of Britain’s Channel 4 series Big Fat Gypsy Weddings.
It was announced in June 2012 that the series had been renewed for a second season, which debuted March 24, 2013. Season 4 premiered April 4, 2014 and Season 5 in February 2015.
My Big Fat American Gypsy Wedding has led to a spinoff series: Gypsy Sisters .
My Bigger Fatter Gypsy Wedding
As grand as the Royal event itself, a very unique wedding took place in Peterborough between Irish Travellers Mary and Paddy. 23 year old Mary courted her groom Paddy for three years before marrying him and she’s the star of the one-off special, “My Bigger Fatter Gypsy Wedding.” Mary had grandiose ideas about what she wanted for her special day and, like most brides, she confessed that she’d been dreaming of her wedding day for years. Making the day extraordinary for the couple was the job of dressmaker Thelma Madine and her team. They were tasked to pull off a Bigger Fatter Gypsy Wedding that would rival the Royal wedding of William and Kate in the glitz and glamour stakes…in just three weeks.
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From Acsn To The Learning Channel A Place For Learning Minds
The Appalachian Community Service Network was incorporated in April 1980, maintaining a appointed by the Appalachian Regional Commission. The ACSN television service launched in October 1980 as ACSN The Learning Channel unlike the AESP, the network distributed its programming available directly to cable systems for home viewing. Its programming also expanded to include “informational” content. By 1982, ACSN claimed that it “achieved the fastest rate of growth of all basic cable programming services,” with availability on around 70 cable affiliates reaching 1.5 million subscribers by this point, 70 universities granted academic credit for telecourses carried on the network. On January 1, 1984, the network shortened its name to The Learning Channel.
In 1986, Infotech, Inc.then-owner of the acquired a 51% interest in The Learning Channel for $3 million the American Community Service Network retained a 31.5% share of the network, with the remaining 17.5% owned by network management.
Big Fat Gypsy Weddings
Because YoudBig Fat Gypsy Weddings
Big Fat Gypsy Weddings is a British documentary series broadcast on Channel 4, that explores the lives and traditions of several Irish Traveller families as they prepare to unite one of their number in marriage. The series also featured Romanichal in several episodes, and has been criticised for not accurately representing Englands Romani and Travelling community. It was first broadcast in February 2010 as a one-off documentary called My Big Fat Gypsy Wedding, filmed as part of the Cutting Edge series and voted Most Groundbreaking Show in the Cultural Diversity Awards 2010. A series of 5 episodes were later commissioned, and the series first aired in January 2011. A second series began airing in February 2012. A third series was not made, rather the show ended with six stand-alone specials. In North America, the show airs on TLC under the title My Big Fat Gypsy Wedding, with the original narration by Barbara Flynn replaced by Ellen K., while the TLC network started airing a spinoff featuring American Roma called My Big Fat American Gypsy Wedding.Big Fat Gypsy Weddings featuring Barbara Flynn and Paddy Doherty has one or more episodes available for purchase on iTunes, and available for purchase on Prime Video. It’s a documentary and reality show with 13 episodes over 2 seasons. Big Fat Gypsy Weddings is no longer running and has no plans to air new episodes or seasons. It has a less than average IMDb audience rating of 5.0 .
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Not All Wedding Dresses Are That Extravagant
“I’ve been to many Gypsy and Traveller weddings, but I’m yet to attend a wedding where the bride’s dress weighs more than my whole family,” reveals Roma Pip. “It is a shame that you haven’t featured any Gypsy or Traveller designers because the clothing that we were actually more traditionally known for before your ‘documentary’, is actually far more interesting than amusing.” Speaking with The Guardian, Helen, a Traveller in her 20s, revealed: “I don’t know anyone so rich that they can afford to splash out on wedding dresses like that. Mine was secondhand.”
Kids Aren’t Forced To Leave School At A Young Age
After watching the show, many believe that girls are encouraged to leave school at a young age in order to get married and start families. Although Roma Pip concedes that the show “correctly identified that many Gypsy and Traveller children leave school at a young age,” he quickly went on to point out that “this is not because we are all born to terrible parents, but because our communities suffer from great social exclusion…. Both teachers and students seem ignorant of our cultures, thus we are labelled as troublemakers and bullied for being different.”
What’s more, “you seem to have forgotten to feature those of us that do stay in education. Take myself, for example, I’m currently at college studying a range of subjects such as History and Sociology. My sister trained to be a hairdresser, my aunty went to university and is now a social worker and some of my cousins completed apprenticeships, thus clearly dropping out of education is not a prerequisite of living in a trailer.”
Traveller Jill Smith agreed, telling News of the World that “the programme made out that all Gypsy girls are forced to leave school at nine so they can stay at home cleaning until they marry. Yes, we’re expected to cook and clean, but we do have our own lives too. Most girls have the opportunity to go to school, many of them have jobs.”
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The Show Omits Major Cultural Details
One of the biggest criticisms the show has received to date is that it groups Travellers and Roma together, despite there being very prominent differences between the two cultures. “Travellers are ethnic Irish, while the Roma came from Eastern Europe ,” explains Seyward Darby, online editor for The New Republic, in an article titled Big Fat Disgrace. He continued: “Viewers are instead offered an overly simplistic view of the cultures of Travellers and Roma with scarcely any historical or political context about their place in the United Kingdom and Europe.” What’s more, “there is no explanation of why tradition dictated for centuries that they live nomadic lifestyles.”
European Roma Pip seconded this sentiment in an open letter to show producers, writing: “Just 10% of the Gypsy and Traveller population are actually Irish Travellers. The majority, like myself, are in fact Romany, yet your ‘documentary’ seems to ignore our existence. While Irish Travellers originate from Ireland, we can trace our routes back to India, so it was hardly surprising that I was somewhat confused when you use the word Gypsy in the title of your ‘documentary’ about Irish Travellers.”
It Doesn’t Actually Offer Access To A Secret Community
Although the show often claims to be giving audiences exclusive access to a secretive community, The New Republic points out that when “the narrator teases ‘the secrecy behind a Traveller communion is revealed for the first time,’ there isn’t much that’s secretive. It’s more or less a young girl in a too-big, too-ornate dress, followed by a large family party. Or ‘another important Gypsy custom is the cake-cutting’ one which, last I checked, goes for most modern weddings as well.”
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It Used To Be A British Tv Show
First premiering in the United Kingdom and Ireland on February 18, 2010 under the title Big Fat Gypsy Weddings, the show enjoyed two seasons on Channel 4 and became the “eighth highest-rating programme ever” on the station, with 6.4 million curious viewers tuning into its first episode, and a whopping 7.5 million coming back the following week. On April 13, 2011, TLC revealed that it was working on adapting the show for a seven-part series and, in 2012, announced that it would use original footage from its British counterpart, but replace the original narrator with Ellen K, co-host of On Air with Ryan Seacrest.
All That Glitz And Glam Isn’t Really There
The families on the show appear to be very wealthy and boast plenty of disposable income to spend on lavish parties and over-the-top weddings. However, as The New Republic reports, reality is quite different. “Today, tend to live in dire poverty, often in shantytowns outside major cities in Central and Eastern Europe.”
As Julie Bindel reveals in her article for The Guardian titled The Big Fat Truth About Gypsy Life, the living conditions of Irish Travellers leave much to be desired. Bindel reported that many “trailers are not connected to water pipes, and the toilets, bathrooms and cooking facilities are in a small, unheated shed across the yard.”
According to the Journal of Comparative Economic Studies, “unemployment rate is 100% in some rural areas and the Roma’s dependence on government benefits is widespread at least part of the problem arises from discrimination in employment.” Why? Well, as The Economist found, “West Europeans tend to believe that Roma migrants are responsible for an epidemic of pickpocketing, shoplifting, mugging and worse.”
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My Big Fat Gypsy Christmas
The award-winning series returns with a Christmas special which promises to be the most revealing and entertaining of the Gypsy Wedding strand. Having gained extraordinary access, the cameras follow dress-maker Thelma Madine to a small town in Ireland where roaming travellers return each year to celebrate not only Christmas, but a string of extravagant weddings and First Communions. It’s also a chance to catch up with some of the characters from the series, such as Jose and Swanley who married earlier in the year and are already expecting their first baby. Ex bare-knuckle fighter Paddy Doherty and wife Roseanne are coming to terms with spending their first Christmas without any of the children around. As well as peeling back yet another intriguing layer of traveller culture, this festive film is packed with over-the-top parties and, of course, HUGE dresses.
Are Heather And Brandon Still Married
Heather On the show, she married her fiancé Brandon despite her mothers wishes. Today, Heather lives in Alabama. Even though it seems like 90 Day Fiancé star Nicole Nafziger may have finally moved to Morocco to be with her fiancé Azan Tefou, it looks like her daughter May is still home in the United States!
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The Outrageous ‘grabbing’ Ritual Isn’t Real
On more than one occasion, the show has given airtime to a so-called ‘grabbing’ ritual, which gives young men permission to grab a woman who catches their eye and use force to receive a kiss. As it turns out, most in the community have never heard of this ritual. As Roma Pip wrote sarcastically in his open letter to Channel 4 “I would have been married by now, if only I had known that the key to a woman’s heart was to sexually assault her using a Gypsy courting ritual called ‘grabbing’. I asked my brother if he had grabbed his wife, but it turned out he had just asked her out on a date instead,” he quipped. “It appears that in reality, no one actually knows what grabbing is.”
In an interview with The Guardian, Mary, a 15-year-old Irish Traveller, revealed: “Grabbing has never happened to me or any of my friends and the first time I ever saw it was on the telly. I wouldn’t put up with it, and I don’t know why they made out we all do it. It’s just one nasty boy they showed.” Brigid, another Irish Traveller interviewed by the paper, seconded the sentiment, saying: “Grabbing has never happened to my kids. I have honestly never heard of it. It’s all make-believe.”